School administration
School administration often use a School Information System (SIS) (sometimes called a Student Information System) to store and manage large quantities of data about their staff, students and school. School information systems generally include features for:
external image SIMS.png
  • Storing students' personal data, including photographs and home contact details
  • Storing students' medical data for emergency use
  • Storing academic data including grades, grade averages, and past results
  • Storing attendance data on a lesson by lesson or daily basis
  • Storing discipline records
  • Arranging and recording meetings with parents
  • Allowing parents to pay some costs online (for example, dinner money or extra curricular club fees)
  • Creating and managing student and teacher timetables and room allocation
  • Producing reports about progress
  • Recording of books and other equipment borrowed from the school
  • Sharing of relevant data with parents
[Information Technology in a Global Society by Stuart Gray, School administration, page 233]

Record-keeping of staff and finances
SIMS website
Some case studies showing how effective SIMS can be on schools and academies
Libraries

How Stanford University's library became digitised for easier use.
Digital Library at Bucharest Metro Station
Digital Library at Bucharest Metro Station



An online library for students of University of Canterbury
Student records


EDI (Electronic data interchange)

How the transfer of data between networks is with and without Electronic data interchange.
Strike 'will not delay A-levels'
How an EDI system has been used to distribute A-levels result

Positive and negative social/ethical impacts of technology on school administrations
Positive
Negative
Different levels of access for different users
Privacy of the students and their personal information
Commercial SIS applications are customisable and extendable
Security of the databases
All school data stored in one location
Cost of hardware and software of the SIS
Quick acces to information
Reliability of the SIS
Reduce duplication of information
Integrity of data on databases
Easy to produce reports for external use
Unauthorised access
Easy to transfer information
Requires staff training
Finances can be better monitored
Cost of managing the system